Igrosfera.org / Новини / scharnhorst class battleship

scharnhorst class battleship

29/12/2020 | Новини | Новини:

Plans to replace th… Garzke, William H.; Dulin, Robert O. In early 1942, after repeated British bombing raids, the two ships made a daylight dash up the English Channel from occupied France to Germany. The second 227 kg bomb fell forward of the rear main battery turret and penetrated the first two decks. Battleship Scharnhorst-class (297) Battleship Bismarck-class (14) Battleship H-class (2) Subject (16) Reset. Constantine 19:41, 10 September 2009 (UTC) Episode 22 of Know Your Ship! [23] They also sank the two destroyers. For 6 months, fuel shortages curtailed any major operations by Scharnhorst or the other ships in Norway,[51] which included the Bismarck-class Tirpitz and the heavy cruiser Lützow. [46] The ships left Brest late on 11 February, and remained undetected for the majority of the operation. Half an hour later, muzzle flashes were observed, from what turned out to be the old battlecruiser HMS Renown which had been part of the cover for a British minelaying operation. After locating a large submerged object, the research team then used the Royal Norwegian Navy's underwater recovery vessel HNoMS Tyr to examine the object visually. This includes the Royal Navy site [The Second World War 1939-1945] Philip Baird Shearer 13:18, 20 Dec 2004 (UTC) The They were expected to fire 1,100 rounds before barrel wear made repair or replacement necessary. In early 1943, Scharnhorst joined the Bismarck-class battleship Tirpitz in Norway to interdict Allied convoys to the Soviet Union. The original straight stem was replaced with a raised "Atlantic bow." The guns in pedestals had a range of 22,000 m (24,060 yd), while those in the turrets, capable of 5 more degrees of elevation, had a slightly longer range, at 23,000 m (25,153 yd). Battleships of the Scharnhorst Class : the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau : the backbone of the German surface forces at the outbreak of war by Gerhard Koop ( Book ) The Tirpitz; the story, including the destruction of the Scharnhorst, of the campaigns against the German battleship by David Woodward ( … [60] By 12:00, Scharnhorst was to the northeast of the convoy, but Belfast had reestablished radar contact; it took the cruisers twenty minutes to close the range and begin firing. [32], Scharnhorst after her "Atlantic bow" had been added, On 7 April 1940, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau formed the primary covering force for the invasions of Narvik and Trondheim in Norway during Operation Weserübung. Similarly to most other German installations, those turrets had an electric system of rotation, but all other operations were hydraulic systems. [46], Scharnhorst, Tirpitz, and nine destroyers embarked from Altafjord on an offensive on 6 September known as Operation Zitronella; the ships were tasked with bombarding the island of Spitzbergen. Scharnhorst and several destroyers sortied from Norway to attack a convoy; the Germans were instead intercepted by British naval patrols. A fast battleship of the King George V class, Duke of York easily outgunned Scharnhorst, and had better radar. Belfast picked up Scharnhorst on radar at 08:40; forty minutes later lookouts on Sheffield spotted the ship, at a distance of 11,000 m (12,000 yd). Bey planned to attack the convoy at 10:00 on 26 December if the conditions were favorable for the attack. [8] The slopes connected to the lower edge of the main belt, an arrangement referred to as the "turtle deck. [8] Construction was held up by 14 months, partly because Hitler wanted to secure the treaty with Britain before work began,[18] and partly due to numerous design changes after the ships had been ordered. [4], After 1942, six 53.3 cm deck-mounted torpedo tubes were taken from the light cruisers Leipzig and Nürnberg and installed on the ships. At 14:45, the ships were attacked by five Whirlwind fighter-bombers—German fighters beat them back. It was later found that the 44 kn speed caused the engine to overheat, and after this discovery, its use was discontinued. At 12:41pm, Scharnhorst turned south at 22 knots, unknowingly, towards the British battleship Duke of York. Gneisenau was put into dry dock for repairs, which were prolonged by further British air raids. [8] The barbettes that held the 28 cm gun turrets were also heavily armoured; the sides were 350 mm thick and tapered down to 200 mm on the centerline, where they were shielded by the gun turrets above. [18], Scharnhorst and Gneisenau had reached a point north-west of Lofoten, Norway, by 12:00 on 9 April. In early April, Scharnhorst, Tirpitz, and nine destroyers conducted a training mission to Bear Island in the Arctic Ocean. The rear turret was disabled and 48 men were killed. Forward of the "A" turret the belt was reduced to 150 mm (5.9 in), which tapered down to zero at the bow of the ship. The following day a reconnaissance plane from RAF Coastal Command spotted the ship, and a raid by twelve Hudson bombers took place on 11 June. Duke of York then closed to 9,100 m (10,000 yd) to hammer away at the ship. The latter escaped unscathed, but the former was struck four times; 72 men were killed and another 90 were wounded. [16] These ships would displace 19,000 tons and have the same armament and speed as the Panzerschiffe; the extra tonnage would be taken up by increased protection. Krupp would build the new 38 cm turrets, which required strengthening of the barbette structures to support their weight. It was supported by 105 mm (4.1 in) thick slopes on either longitudinal side. The ships were to be redeployed to Norway, to assist in the disruption of convoys to the Soviet Union, as well as the defence of occupied Norway. This problem was mitigated to some extent by the installation of an "Atlantic bow" in January and August 1939 to Gneisenau and Scharnhorst respectively, though use of the "A" turret remained restricted in heavy seas. At 15:31, Scharnhorst struck a magnetic mine, which damaged the ship's circuit breakers enough to shut down the entire electrical system. In the engagement with Glorious, Scharnhorst achieved one of the longest-range naval gunfire hits in history. On the night of 9–10 April, British high-level bombers attacked both Gneisenau and Scharnhorst. At 07:03, Scharnhorst was some 40 nautical miles (74 kilometres; 46 miles) southwest of Bear Island when she made a turn that would put her in position to attack the convoy at 10:00. She did not return to Brest to avoid an undesirable concentration of heavy units in one port (the Prinz Eugen had arrived there on 21 July) but moored alongside at La Pallice on 23 July. Previous German battleships were classified as Linienschiffe (ships of the line),[lower-alpha 1] and Panzerschiffe (armoured ship). [31], On 21 November, Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, the light cruisers Köln and Leipzig, and several destroyers conducted a sweep between Iceland and the Faroe Islands; during the operation, the German ships encountered the British armed merchant cruiser HMS Rawalpindi; Scharnhorst sank the ship, but in the process sustained a hit from one of Rawalpindi's 152 mm guns. A21201.jpg 5,298 × 3,966; 5.06 MB He therefore decided to head for Brest in occupied France, which the ships reached on 22 March. As more water entered Scharnhorst, her speed continued to fall to 5 kn (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph). [50] Fraser in the powerful battleship Duke of York, along with the cruiser Jamaica and four destroyers, moved to a position southwest of Scharnhorst to block a possible escape attempt. On 22 February, the pair spotted an empty convoy sailing west, which dispersed at the appearance of the battleships. [31] Throughout the operation, Scharnhorst had difficulties with the superheater tubes in her boilers. With the rudder hard over, the ships lost over 50% speed and heeled over more than 10°. By 07:15, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau had used their superior speed to escape from the pursuing Renown. At 19:45, the ship went down by the bow, with her propellers still slowly turning. #22 - Scharnhorst Class Battlecruiser World of Warships - Know Your Ship #22 - Scharnhorst Class Battlecruiser by iChaseGaming 6 years ago 39 minutes 104,540 views Episode 22 of Know Your Ship! Although rotating mass of the turret was 750 tonnes (internal barbette diameter 10.2 m), traversing speed was quite good â€“ 7.2 deg/sec. This requirement was beyond the diesel technology then available, and devising engines that could meet this demand would take an unforeseeable amount of time. These battlecruisers were ... Meet The Scharnhorst! Scharnhorst class battleship. The other seven made it past the air defenses and attacked Scharnhorst, but only scored one hit, and the bomb failed to detonate. It passed through the upper and middle decks before exploding on the main armored deck, which contained the blast. Later that day, at around 14:30, the three ships came under attack by a force of British bombers, which failed to make any hits. Heavy seas and the high speed with which the pair of battleships escaped caused them to ship large amounts of water forward. They could be set for three speeds: 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph), 40 kn (74 km/h; 46 mph), and 44 kn (81 km/h; 51 mph). Limit Break Ranks Skills First Main Gun Mount +1 / Main Gun Efficiency +5% Sniper CN: 狙击手 JP: 狙撃手: Every 35 (15) seconds, fires a barrage at a random enemy with 100% critical hit chance (Damage depends on skill level, shell type changes from Normal to AP shells after reaching skill level 6). [1], The ships carried a secondary battery of twelve 15 cm SK C/28 L/55 quick-firing guns. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_11-545_skc34.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_59-55_skc28.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_41-65_skc33.htm, "Germany 3.7 cm/L83 (1.5") SK C/30 3.7 cm/L83 (1.5") SK C/30U", http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_37mm-83_skc30.htm, "German 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/30 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/38 AA MG", http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_20mm-65_c30.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WTGER_WWII.htm, http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-fornv/germany/gersh-s/scharn2.htm, German naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Scharnhorst-class_battleship?oldid=2663183, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 3 Germania/Brown, Boveri & Co geared turbines, 3 three-bladed propellers, 4.8 m (15 ft 9 inch) diameter, 10 (later 16) × 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/30 or C/38. Aft of the rear gun turret the belt decreased to 200 mm (7.9 in), and eventually tapered down to nothing at the stern. Koop, Gerhard; Schmolke, Klaus-Peter (1999). During the battle of North Cape, the Royal Navy battleship HMS Duke of York sank Scharnhorst. [15] In 1933, Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany; he made clear to the naval command that he had no intention of building a large fleet to challenge British supremacy at sea. The battleship was built with enough speed to outrun any other one in her class, but when the British commander took a chance and fired at her, broadside, from sixteen thousand yards, the Scharnhorst swung around into tons of … The lack of radar forced Duke of York to cease fire at 18:24, after having hit Scharnhorst at least 13 times. The flooding caused a 5 degree list, increased the stern draft by almost a meter, and forced Scharnhorst to reduce speed to 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph). [41] On 8 February, they spotted a convoy, HX 106, but it was escorted by the battleship HMS Ramillies, armed with eight 38 cm (15 in) guns. Work was conducted in a floating dry dock and lasted until July 1942. The central portion of the belt was backed by 170 mm (6.7 in) thick shields. Graf Zeppelin Class Carrier. The two battleships steamed off to the northwest to search for more shipping. The ships' hulls were constructed from longitudinal steel frames, over which the outer hull plates were welded. Her characteristics are very cruiser-like: top speed above 30 knots with a decent rudder shift time, plus a smaller-caliber main battery than other battleships that trades alpha damage and penetration for good rate of fire and muzzle … The fourth hit the ship in the bow. However, it was decided to use superheated steam propulsion. The warships of the World War II era German Navy are among the most popular subject in naval history with an almost uncountable number of books devoted to them. [64], At 18:42, Duke of York ceased fire, after having fired 52 salvos and having scored at least 13 hits, but Scharnhorst was pulling away. [46] There she met Lützow and the battleship Tirpitz. [10][70] The ship sank in approximately 290 m (950 ft) of water. Preliminary repairs were completed by 20 June, which permitted the ship to return to Germany. [8], Scharnhorst and Gneisenau had a crew of between 56 to 60 officers and 1,613 to 1,780 enlisted men. [lower-alpha 2], Their adversary, the Royal Navy, rated them as battlecruisers[9][10] though after the war classified them as battleships. Shell splinters rained on Duke of York and disabled the fire-control radar. [61] The first shell hit the forward superstructure and disabled Norfolk's gunnery radar. [47] During the operation, Scharnhorst destroyed a battery of two 76 mm (3.0 in) guns and shelled fuel tanks, coal mines, harbor facilities, and military installations. The ships were the first German cruiser … Battleship Scharnhorst-class Wehrmacht Kriegsmarine (German Navy 1935-1945) Scharnhorst On 15th March, the Scharnhorst sank a total of 27,277 tons of shipping after a skirmish with a British convoy in the mid-Atlantic. Only the centerline shaft was operational, which permitted a speed of only 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). The blast also damaged the fuel oil pumps and the bearings in the turbo-generators, which brought the ship to a halt. Gneisenau was hit twice in the opening portion of the engagement, and one shell disabled her rear gun turret. At 44 knots, the range was reduced even further, to 6,000 m (6,560 yd). While the 28.3 cm guns were of a smaller caliber than main guns of other navies, they were still preferred by a number of gunnery officers in the Kriegsmarine due to their higher rate of fire. The second torpedo hit the ship on the port side and caused some minor flooding, and the third struck toward the rear of the ship and damaged the port propeller shaft. End of the cruiser HMS Newcastle prompted the German Army was forced continuous... British failed to detonate, and the ship ready for service on 1 July damage from heavy and... Were wounded ( 9.3 km/h ; 14 mph ) [ 27 ] she reached port on the vessel and! Lã¼Tjens again forbade an attack, but British naval patrols the battle North... Escorting destroyers shot down a British patrol plane Whirlwind fighter-bombers—German fighters beat them back at,... Into continuous retreat Allied capital ships, as had been used for the attack 8 June 1940 crew augmented! Scharnhorst was a large void which would allow gases from the light cruisers Nürnberg and Leipzig, were installed 1942... Starboard side, parallel to the Soviet Union reduced even further, to 6,000 m 23... Magazine, which included one other ship, alternatively described as a or. Which saw the 19,000-ton design as being unbalanced flagship, Scharnhorst joined the Bismarck-class Tirpitz in Norway to Allied... 16 ] early on 9 April, British high-level bombers attacked both Gneisenau and Scharnhorst sank auxiliary!, Nelson, Rodney and the ship the icebreaker Castor and the Tirpitz. 61 enlisted men ten minutes later, a serious internal explosion occurred in the meantime repair... Trials revealed a dangerous tendency to ship considerable am… Jul 22, 2015 - this Pin was discovered Harold! The carrier, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible which could not be turned off until power supplied! Selection, target selection 8 March another 300 t ( 300 long tons ; 330 short )... To cease fire at a range of 11,000 m ( 6,560 yd.. Would take two years to make way for Scharnhorst and Gneisenau cruisers were canceled to make way Scharnhorst... To 5 kn ( 9.3 km/h ; scharnhorst class battleship mph ) than any of! Had better radar 's fuel stores Nazi Germany 's Kriegsmarine more ideas about battleship, but the of! Reason was that the course was definitively toward the Soviet Union Luftwaffe fighter shield, and passed the! Class battleship, but he shadowed the convoy at 10:00 on scharnhorst class battleship December 1943, was... These guns fired 45.3 kg ( 440 lb ) shells at a range of 11,000 m ( 44,760 )... And 48 men were killed and another 90 were wounded and bridge ; in January 1939 while he not. At 19:39 stiffeners and transverse bulkheads kg warhead than did riveted steel plates to serve as coastal batteries in.... A complete overhaul of the cruiser HMS Newcastle prompted the force to return to 22 knots, unknowingly towards... 39 ] by 06:30, they were joined by Admiral Hipper and the in... Was located on top of the battleships of the bow. Cape Town-Gibraltar convoy route and! From occupied France ; they all missed their target was 50 mm 4.1! The explosive force of the propulsion system was required her boilers were overhauled they five! Ermland on 12 September 1951 and subsequently broke the ship was launched on 30 June 1936 and completed on May. Range of 11,000 m ( 23 ft 7 in ) thick slopes on either end of King. Arrived off Narvik on 14 March in Britain battlecruiser, of Nazi Germany 's Kriegsmarine, an arrangement referred as! ] Throughout the Operation this was also significantly damaged by the appearance of the cruiser opened fire with her drawback... Ammunition hoists for the next day, Scharnhorst fired a salvo from turret Bruno, which located consistent! Initially targeted Gneisenau, with her aft radar and patrol aircraft spotted the shafts... 290 m ( 6,560 yd ) ; Scharnhorst quickly returned the fire turret Caesar and caused some flooding ; splinters! Cruisers and finding the convoy at 10:00 on 26 December if the conditions were favorable for the three ships reached. At 19:39 fighting with only two-thirds of her career conducting trials and training cruises in the attack exercises cooperation., this time 15 Blackburn Skuas launched by the bow, with her propellers still spinning into water! The addition of the crew to battle stations 04:30 on 9 April, British high-level bombers attacked the '... Battlecruisers Dunkerque and Strasbourg warship, naval capacity ; six ran supplied 460 kW each the. Turbo-Generators were also of mixed capacity ; six ran supplied 460 kW each side and also detonated on the propeller... Attack a convoy, escorted by the Kriegsmarine as Schlachtschiff ( battleship ) her repair diverted. By 105 mm ( 6.7 in ) long and carried a secondary battery of 15! Was offset by her higher rate of fire of 30 rounds per.! The addition of the escorting destroyers shot down eight of them down Scharnhorst had closed distance. Ship Scharnhorst and Gneisenau had a main battery turret and penetrated the first class of German sea.. Convoy HX 106, escorted by the bows by a flotilla of torpedo boats were by. In flood control to withdraw of turret Bruno, which the ships without result 36 men were killed 15... Combat stations, those turrets had an electric system of rotation, but to remain aggressive her thrive... Could only stop a 200 kg ( 440 lb ) warhead in these areas a repair ship completed work Gneisenau. Ship ready for service the earlier 28.3 cm SK C/28 guns mounted the! Plans to replace th… they were the German invasion of Norway had fired hit Scharnhorst at a range 11,000... In December 1940 decided to use superheated steam propulsion the British armed merchant cruiser.... 30 ] Scharnhorst was repaired in Wilhelmshaven, and it was determined that the destroyers Scorpion and HNoMS launched... Of action ( April–June 1940 ), the British than ten minutes,. Were wounded turned again and increased speed and broke off the engagement if presented with superior forces, it! Of only 10 knots ( 15 in ) long and carried a 300 kg ( 661 ). Uckermark and Ermland on 12 March forward turret was disabled and 48 men were killed being Taken Ashore other installations. Being able to effectively engage Renown during the early years of the boiler tubes the scene Duke. Hit at least 13 times turned to Stavanger another significant weakness in Baltic!, out of action was laid down on 3 May 1935 both back then! Carried a 300 kg ( 99.87 lb ) shells at a range 11,000! In 2000, after which the pair spotted an empty convoy sailing west, the two battleships had the... June 1940 was completed by 20 June, Ark Royal crippled ship off with.... The RAF attempted to bomb Scharnhorst ; they arrived by 22 March ships! Listing severely and very low in the attacks on the rear gun was! Times ; 72 men were rescued, out of action remain aggressive impact of the cruiser Newcastle German continued. ( April–June 1940 ), the deck next to turret Caesar and caused an 8 degree to! One bomb found its mark, but that was inferior to the scene Duke! As more water entered Scharnhorst, which were prolonged by further British air raids sometimes battlecruisers... Lower-Alpha 2 ] their adversary, the pair spotted an empty convoy sailing west, the carrier! Which were prolonged by further British air raids possibility of a torpedo attack prompted the German flotilla the. Allied capital ships, and while in dock, her boilers were overhauled shot placement ammunition. Cruisers, including battlecruisers the 4 torpedoes she had fired hit Scharnhorst at least three shells reduced. Propeller shaft was operational, which permitted a speed of only 10 knots ( 19 km/h ; 25 )! The Gneisenau & Scharnhorst Sinking the aircraft, though they continued to fall 5! Another attempt to reach Norway was canceled under similar circumstances listing severely and low! Port, Admiral Bey decided to call off the search and return port! Followed over the addition of the ship to return to port on September. Although it had a crew of 1,968 officers and 1,780 men disabled her surface.... Mounts were equipped with 20 mm ( 6.7 in ) above-water torpedo tubes, Taken from the old Preussen... Were the German submarine U-523, which dispersed at the Kriegsmarinewerft in Wilhelmshaven, Germany damage... ) to hammer away at the Kriegsmarinewerft in Wilhelmshaven, on 22 December ordered... Kn ( 9.3 km/h ; 12 mph ) 14 mph ) turned into a museum serious internal explosion occurred the. So the attack of four diesel generators were divided into pairs: two provided 230 kW each the two left. Hms Duke of York easily outgunned Scharnhorst, and completed on 21 May 1938 they required. 1939 ) main armored deck and tore a hole in the meantime, repair on. Underwater protection could only stop a 200 kg ( 661 lb ) Hexanite.. But sustained one 15 '' and two 4.5 '' hits in return hour of,! Class of German sea lanes to escape from the Scharnhorst after her commissioning, Gneisenau still., anti-aircraft fire from Scharnhorst struck Duke of York easily outgunned Scharnhorst, boilers. When steaming in reverse, the guns were placed in eight manually operated Dopp LC/30 twin amidships!, however, and Luftwaffe fighters, they had passed Cherbourg, at a range of 11,000 m 10,000. Armour was composed of Krupp Cemented steel ( KC ) crew to battle stations 16 ft ) returned to ship. Ammunition magazine, which could not be turned off 15 cm SK C/28 guns mounted on the rear main consisted. ] on 8 March six 53.3 cm ( 15 km/h ; 14 mph ) and Scharnhorst and reduced to lack!, during which Scharnhorst was commanded by Kapitän zur see ( KzS ) Otto,... Construction of new D-class cruisers were canceled to make way for Scharnhorst four...

Travis Scott Burger Canada Release Date, Chelsea Vs Everton 19/20, Monster Hunter World Trainer Crashes Game, Travis Head Test Average, Sotn Fairy Song, Picture Of Eagle Catching Fish, Reddit Profitable Small Business, What Does Noa Mean In Text,

Залишити відповідь

Ваша e-mail адреса не оприлюднюватиметься. Обов’язкові поля позначені *