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what is the average climate in the midwest region

29/12/2020 | Новини | Новини:

Projections above from global climate models are shown for 2041-2070 as compared to 1971-2000 under an emissions scenario that assumes continued increases in heat-trapping gases (A2 scenario). Increased shipping days benefit commerce but could also increase shoreline scouring and bring in more invasive species.5,6,7(Figure source: Data updated from Bai and Wang 20128). 18: Midwest). The potential impact of climate change on Great Lakes international shipping, Patz, J. Less ice, coupled with more frequent and intense storms,1 leaves shores vulnerable to erosion and flooding and could harm property and fish habitat.2,3,4 Reduced ice cover also has the potential to lengthen the shipping season.5 The navigation season increased by an average of eight days between 1994 and 2011. | Detail ↩, Pryor, S. C., R. J. Barthelmie, D. T. Young, E. S. Takle, R. W. Arritt, D. Flory, W. J. Gutowski, Jr., A. Nunes, and J. Average summer temperatures can be anywhere from 70 to 90 degrees. What is the climate in the Midwest Region. Lesson for Kids: Facts & History 3:25 Hatfield, J. L., K. J. Boote, B. Water Quality Research Journal of Canada, 47, 421–435, doi:10.2166/wqrjc.2012.009. Climate change will lead to more frequent and more intense Midwest heat waves while degrading air and water quality and threatening public health. Climate divisions shown in white or very light colors had average temperatures near 50°F. Potential impacts of climate change on coldwater fish include changes in life history patterns, species distribution, and ecosystem community structure. The Midwest Region also has a a humid and continetal climate. The Midwest’s agricultural lands, forests, Great Lakes, industrial activities, and cities are all vulnerable to climate variability and climate change. Dated September 2020. Higher average temperatures bring a longer growing season, but that also increases the risk of sudden cold snaps in the The April precipitation totalfor the contiguous U.S. was 2.47 inches, 0.05 inch below average, and ranked in the middle third of the 126-year period of record. Springtime cold air outbreaks are projected to continue to occur throughout this century.13. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? So if you like the cold then you'll like this region. Chicago was one of the first cities to officially integrate climate adaptation into a citywide plan. These added stresses, together with the direct effects of climate change, are projected to alter ecosystem and socioeconomic patterns and processes in ways that most people in the region would consider detrimental. Outside the cities are expansive croplands and forests, the Great Lakes, and major river systems including the Ohio River, the Upper Mississippi River, and the Missouri River.The Midwest is subject to extremely cold air masses from the far north, and warm… Minnesota, for example, the northernmost state in the region with an average snowfall of 36 inches per year, receives much more snow each winter than the southern Midwest states, … … Average seasonal accumulated precipitation (inches) for 1981-2010 for winter (top left), spring (top right), summer (bottom left), and fall (bottom right) for the Midwest region. It comprises the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and … Some climate change impacts may be beneficial. The region's fertile soil and climate make for good farmland. From spring through early fall, rain will typically fall a few days a week in many parts of the region. The frequency of these days is projected to increase by mid-century. The September precipitation total for the contiguous U.S. was 2.42 inches, 0.07 inch below average, ranking in the middle third of the 125-year period of record. The composition of the region’s forests is expected to change as rising temperatures drive habitats for many tree species northward. Direct effects will include increased heat stress, flooding, drought, and late spring freezes. 8: Michigan’s tart cherry industry: Vulnerability to climate variability and change. | Detail ↩, Hatfield, J. L., K. J. Boote, B. The climate of the Midwest United States is varied. Average winter (December-February) temperature (F) from 1981-2010 for the Midwest region. Extreme heat, heavy downpours, and flooding will affect infrastructure, health, agriculture, forestry, transportation, air and water quality, and more. The 2007 eastern US spring freezes: Increased cold damage in a warming world? (see Ch. The average climate of the Midwest depends upon five climatic controls: 1) latitude and solar input, 2) typical positions and movements of weather systems, 3) topography, 4) the Great Lakes, and 5) human-induced effects. Meanwhile, without significant High temperatures during early spring, for example, can decimate fruit crop production12 when early heat causes premature plant budding that exposes flowers to later cold injury, as happened in 2002, and again in 2012, to Michigan’s $60 million tart cherry crop. The summers are pleasantly warm, and the winters can get down into the negatives. Climate Change in the Midwest: Impacts, Risks, Vulnerability and Adaptation, S.C. Pryor, Ed., Indiana University Press, 104-116. Minnesota, for example, the northernmost state in the region with an average snowfall of 36 inches per year, receives much conditions and are important ecological indicators of climate change. The Midwest is already taking steps in this direction, with states across the region investing in renewable energy, industrial efficiency, and alternative vehicles and fuels. 8: Michigan’s tart cherry industry: Vulnerability to climate variability and change, Climate Change in the Midwest: Impacts, Risks, Vulnerability and Adaptation, Wuebbles, D. J., K. Hayhoe, and J. Parzen, Introduction: Assessing the effects of climate change on Chicago and the Great Lakes. emissions is likely to affect the Midwest region’s ten major metropolitan areas through higher heat-related mortality, increased electricity demand and energy costs, and declines in labor productivity. 55 These activities are critical in showing regional public and private sector leadership in addressing short-term climate actions and long-term climate … Climate Highlights - April; The average U.S. temperature in April was 52.9 degrees F (11.6 degrees C), which is 0.9 degrees F (0.5 degrees C) above the long-term (1901-2000) average. NCA Education Resources for the Midwest Region "Extreme heat, heavy downpours, and flooding will affect infrastructure, health, agriculture, forestry, transportation, air and water quality, and more. On average, Midwest states lag behind the rest of the country on energy efficiency, de-carbonization of the electric sector, transportation electrification, and green building. The city of Cedar Falls’ new floodplain ordinance expands zoning restrictions from the 100-year floodplain to the 500-year floodplain to better reflect the flood risks experienced by this and other Midwest cities during the 2008 floods.9. Our inaugural report, Risky Business: The Economic Risks of Climate Change in the United States, 2 highlighted these risks across every region of the country, with a focus on three sectors: agriculture, energy demand, and coastal infrastructure. The Midwest has a very wide range of temperatures. Midwest Census Region Economy at a Glance: Some cities have begun to incorporate adaptation planning for a range of climate change impacts. A team of more than 300 experts guided by a 60-member Federal Advisory Committee produced the report, which was extensively reviewed by the public and experts, including federal agencies and a panel of the National Academy of Sciences. The region also has a large and increasingly utilized potential to reduce emissions that cause climate change. URL Amount of Precipitation Rain is a common occurrence in the Midwest. Not surprisingly, ... Midwest Region of the U.S. For example, in 2019 some areas saw between 200-600 percent the historical normal amount of precipitation. 1. URL The average temperature in the winter in the Midwest is about 14.0°F. 2009). | Detail ↩, 2014 National Climate Assessment. The Midwest Climate change will exacerbate a range of risks to the Great Lakes, including changes in the range and distribution of certain fish species, increased invasive species and harmful blooms of algae, and declining beach health. At the same time, the Midwest is home to states, cities Unfamiliar Ground: Bracing for Climate Impacts in the American Midwest ... is the future of the Midwest if emissions continue at a high rate, threatening the very core of the region’s identity. Great Plains, vast high plateau of semiarid grassland that is a major region of North America. Extreme rainfall events and flooding have increased during the last century, and these trends are expected to continue, causing erosion, declining water quality, and negative impacts on transportation, agriculture, human health, and infrastructure. Atmospheric teleconnection patterns associated with severe and mild ice cover on the Great Lakes, 1963–2011, City of Chicago Climate Action Plan: Our City. Explore how climate change is affecting the Midwest. The Midwest, or Middle West, is a region in the north-central United States. 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